Role of the Parents


Language can be distinguished between that which is spoken and known as verbal communication and that which is unspoken, otherwise known as non-verbal communication i.e. ”body language”. Non-verbal communication is the ability for a child or an adult to inform another of their wants or needs without necessarily using words, which may include grunts, hand gestures, facial expressions or pointing at pictures. Non-verbal communication can exist on an unconscious level. We may use gestures or make certain facial expressions without consciously intending to do so. This means that we cannot avoid communicating.

In his communication model, Paul Watzlawik argues that one cannot not communicate: “as soon as two people are together, conscious or subconscious communication takes place” .

(Watzlawick, Beavin, & Jackson, 1967,p.51). Try and make sure that your spoken words do not contradict with your body language, as this can be very confusing for children. They rely on the information they get from non-verbal communication in an interaction as much as they do on spoken words.