The Concept of Resilience (risk factors and protective factors)
WHAT IS ProSILIENCE?
Every human being has the ability to be resilient. This can vary in both appearance and expression, all of which can inhibit or promote resilience. Rana is facing changes in her life, having moved countries and started at a new kindergarten. These changes can potentially lead to certain challenges in her development. There are stabilizing and destabilizing factors in terms of child development, and the concept of resilience summarizes these risk and protection factors. These factors can be biological, psychological, and psychosocial (Laucht, Esser, Schmidt 2000: 7-11).
During life's transitional phases, a large number of demands are placed on the child at the same time (Graf & Seide, 2018). This settling in period for Rana is one of those phases and when approached appropriately, it can help her build prosilience for the future.
Once risk factors in a child’s environment have been identified, protective factors can be used to help her develop normally and to mitigate or prevent dangerous influences in development. Protective factors can be understood as general resources for healthy child development. Protective factors and risk factors can change over time, and risk factors can also be turned into protective factors (Laucht, Esser, Schmidt 2000: 7-11). For example, Rana’s family can use protective factors such as preparing her for her time in kindergarten, helping her get to know her teachers and classmates and having similar books or foods in the home to help her feel more of a connection to the kindergarten. It is the role of the family to remain positive, reassuring and encouraging the child to succeed during this process.