Philosophy of Inclusion

Children with special needs and capabilities

In a society where competition is often used as a means to determine those who are the most capable, impairments and special abilities are often perceived as disadvantages. For example, if a child using a wheelchair is in a group of children who can walk, then this child is considered to be in need of special care. However, if a group of hearing-impaired children were to all be talking in sign language around a hearing child who was not familiar with it, it would then be the hearing child experiencing herself as impaired.  

Situational context

One can see just from these small examples that whether or not someone is referred to as needing special professional educational love and care completely depends on the situational context.

Cognitively impaired children like Anahera experience much of the same developmental stages as other children. Anahera can walk and talk, laugh and cry and does not feel herself as impaired although by definition, she is. There are many types of people in diverse settings who may differ in some way but yet spark no immediate discussion of impairment (Wertlieb, 2018). 

Sensitivity towards all children

All human beings are different, with varying physical and mental conditions that they live with. Major differences usually only become apparent when the status quo of a heterogenous group of people is challenged. For example, when Anahera joins her new kindergarten, her daily structure will most likely be different from that of other children. In this way, an impairment is always defined by the context.